Cancer Prevention

Cervical Cancer Screening Recommendations

  • All women should begin cervical cancer screening at age 21.
  • Women between the ages of 21 and 29 should have a Pap test every 3 years. They should not be tested for HPV unless it is needed after an abnormal Pap test result.
  • Women between the ages of 30 and 65 should have both a Pap test and an HPV test every 5 years. This is the preferred approach, but it is also OK to have a Pap test alone every 3 years.
  • Women over age 65 who have had regular screenings with normal results should not be screened for cervical cancer. Women who have been diagnosed with cervical pre-cancer should continue to be screened.
  • Women who have had their uterus and cervix removed in a hysterectomy and have no history of cervical cancer or pre-cancer should not be screened.
  • Women who have had the HPV vaccine should still follow the screening recommendations for their age group.
  • Women who are at high risk for cervical cancer may need to be screened more often. Women at high risk might include those with HIV infection, organ transplant, or exposure to the drug DES. They should talk with their doctor or nurse.
cerv 5

Breast Cancer Screening Recommendations

For women at average risk

These guidelines are for women at average risk for breast cancer. Women with a personal history of breast cancer, a family history of breast cancer, a genetic mutation known to increase risk of breast cancer (such as BRCA), and women who had radiation therapy to the chest before the age of 30 are at higher risk for breast cancer, not average-risk. (See below for guidelines for women at higher than average risk.)

  • Women ages 40 to 44 should have the choice to start annual breast cancer screening with mammograms if they wish to do so. The risks of screening as well as the potential benefits should be considered.
  • Women age 45 to 54 should get mammograms every year.
  • Women age 55 and older should switch to mammograms every 2 years, or have the choice to continue yearly screening.

Screening should continue as long as a woman is in good health and is expected to live 10 more years or longer.

For women at higher than average risk

Women who are at high risk for breast cancer based on certain factors should get an MRI and a mammogram every year. This includes women who:

  • Have a lifetime risk of breast cancer of about 20% to 25% or greater, according to risk assessment tools that are based mainly on family history (such as the Claus model – see below).
  • Have a knownBRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation.
  • Have a first-degree relative (parent, brother, sister, or child) with aBRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation, and have not had genetic testing themselves.
  • Had radiation therapy to the chest when they were between the ages of 10 and 30 years.
  • Have Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Cowden syndrome, or Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome, or have first-degree relatives with one of these syndromes.
Breast Cancer treatment in pune
cerv1
Breast Cancer Treatment in Pune

Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines

Starting at age 50, men and women at average risk for developing colorectal cancer should use one of the screening tests below:

Tests that find polyps and cancer

  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years*.
  • Colonoscopy every 10 years.
  • Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years*.
  • CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) every 5 years*.

 

Tests that mainly find cancer
  • Guaiac-based fecal occult blood test (gFOBT) every year*,**
  • Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year*,**
  • Stool DNA test every 3 years*

*Colonoscopy should be done if test results are positive.

** Highly sensitive versions of these tests should be used with the take-home multiple sample method. A gFOBT or FIT done during a digital rectal exam in the doctor’s office is not enough for screening.

colonoscopy_large
colon cancer treatment in pune
fecal

Trash The Ash!!!

  • 2200 deaths every day
  • One death every 10 seconds.
  • žMore than 7,000 different chemicals have been found in tobacco and tobacco smoke.
  • žAmong these are more than 70 chemicals known to cause cancer.
  • India has the highest incidence of Oral cancer in the world!

 

  • Incidence – 50 per 100,000.
  • Commonest cancer in Indian Men.
  • 50% of those diagnosed, die in 1ST year.

tobacko

What You Can Do

  • If you smoke quit as soon as possible!
  • Do not allow smoking inside your home or car – protect others from Secondhand smoke.
  • Be Aware!! – let others know about the risk!

When You Quit

Within One Year:

  • Risk of coronary heart disease is half that of a smoker.

 

Within Two Years:

  • Heart attack risk drops to near normal.

 

Within 5 Years:

  • Lung cancer death rate for average pack-a-day smoker decreases by almost half.
  • Stroke risk is reduced.
  • Risk of mouth, throat and esophageal cancer is half that of a smoker.

 

Within 10 Years:

  • Lung cancer death rate is similar to that of a person who does not smoke.
  • The pre-cancerous cells are replaced.

 

Within 15 Years:

  • Risk of coronary heart disease is the same as a person who has never smoked.
trash
trash2
cancer treatment in pune
Cancer Specialist in Pune
cancer specialist in pune

To Get An Appointment Today (+91) 9975146458 / (+91) 9619649377